Honey was called the nectar of the gods.
Honey is produced by bees from plant nectar.
Worker honey bees weigh about a tenth of a gram
and are usually between ½ to 5/8 inch long. Queens and Drones are
longer and weigh a bit more. Beekeepers who purchase bees buy them by
the pound. There are on an average about 3500 bees in a pound.
Honeydew is a sweet liquid excreted by some
insects like aphids which may be collected by honey bees. In some parts
of Europe honey made from honeydew is usually called Forest Honey and
can be very expensive to purchase.
Honey bees' wings stroke 11,400 times per minute,
thus making their distinctive buzz.
The bee's digestive fluids contain enzymes that
transform the nectar into honey.
A honey bee can only sting once and then she dies
because her stinger is ripped out during the stinging process.
To produce 1 pound of honey requires somewhere
around 25,000 trips between the hive and the flowers.
A pound of honey contains the essence of about 2
The color and flavor of the honey are determined
by the flowers from which the nectar is taken.
Honey is most often served in its natural state
like jam or jelly.
Without the pollination services provided by honey
bees, many of our typical foods such as apples, cucumbers and
watermelons would not be available.
Honey is also widely used in baked good.
Honey is generally marketed in one of three forms.
Comb honey, chunk honey, and extracted honey.
There are more than 20,000 species of bees, and
they are found all over the world except in Antarctica.
Bees are flying insects, and like all insects they
have six legs and three body parts. The head, thorax and the abdomen.
Bees see all color humans do except red. and they
can also see ultraviolet.
Bees have biting jaws called mandibles and a
mouth-tongue proboscis, which they use for sucking and lapping.
Bees can distinguish very slight differences in
sweet and bitter tastes, and they can also identify sour and salty
American Indians called honey bees the "White
Man's Fly ".
Bees have no ears, but they can sense the
vibrations of the surfaces upon which they alight.
Honeybees range from about ½ inch to 1 inch long.
depending upon species.
Bees living in man-made hives behave the same way
as bees that live in the wild.
Honeybee colonies are divided into three groups
within the hive. The queen , the workers and the drones.
The workers are female bees that do not lay eggs
but do all the work necessary for the upkeep and protection of the hive.
The drone bees are the male bees of the colony.
They're only purpose is to breed with a virgin queen, after which they
die. Drones do no work within the colony and do not have a sting. Near
the end of the season any drones left in the colony are driven out by
the workers and starve to death.
The queen can lay up to 2,000 eggs per day one to
Worker bees develop from fertilized eggs and
drones develop from unfertilized eggs. In the insect world this common
type of development is known as parthenogenesis.
The egg hatches into a tiny larva after about
three days (72 hours)
At first all larvae are fed royal jelly, or bee
The worker bees cap the cell with wax and the
larva inside spins a cocoon and becomes a pupa.
At around 10 days of age the workers start
producing wax, which is used to repair and construct cells.
Worker bees make propolis ( bee glue) from the
resins of certain types of trees and bushes and use it to fill cracks
and holes in the hive as well as using it to cover objects foreign to
the hive which are to big for them to remove from the hive.
A worker bee lets other workers know about a new
source of food it has discovered by rapidly vibrating its wings and
performing a dance , to show the others how far and in what direction to
go to find the new source.
By the age of 20 days the young worker may become
a guard at the entrance to the hive.
A worker may live several months, but when there
are large amounts of nectar and pollen to be gathered she may work very
hard and die in only six weeks.
Honey was early man's first sweetener and it was
so valued that it could be used to pay taxes in some cultures.
Bees have been producing honey from flowering
plants for 10-12 million years.
The average worker honey bee makes 1/12 of a
teaspoon honey in her lifetime.
A honey bee flies about 15 miles per hour.
A honeycomb cell has six sides.
Utah is known as the beehive state.
A honey bee has four wings.
The hive box which honey is stored in is called
A drone honey bee has no father, but it does have
a grandfather on his mother's side.
Through a combination of fanning their wings and
spreading out water drops in the beehive, bees can operate a
water-cooled air conditioner to cool their hive during warm periods of
During cold periods honey bees consume honey to
give them energy to vibrate their flight muscles which creates heat to
warm the colony. They also cluster in a ball within the hive to conserve
During the summer, the typical honey bee colony
contains between 40,000 to 70,000 bees.